Modeling Temperature Change

Students model thermal energy transfer between a hot liquid and a cooler solid, exploring how this might also occur in everyday phenomena.

Assessment 3D Learning Target

Model thermal energy flow for materials at different temperatures and for different types of materials.

Standard Addressed

PE: MS-PS3-3: Apply scientific principles to design, construct, and test a device that either minimizes or maximizes thermal energy transfer.

By Dimension: Specific dimension pieces that this assessment will center on.


Developing and Using Models

  • Develop a model to describe unobservable mechanisms.


PS3.A: Definitions of Energy

  • Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of particles of matter. The relationship between the temperature and the total energy of a system depends on the types, states, and amounts of matter present.

PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer

  • Energy is spontaneously transferred out of hotter regions or objects and into colder ones.


Energy and Matter

  • The transfer of energy can be tracked as energy flows through a designed or natural system.



  • Nicole Kraght, Kent School District
  • Alexis MacNevin, Lynden School District